The promises offered by AI/ML technologies can raise important ethical & policy concerns among the population, which trigger the need for a set of values to be identified by policy-makers to be ensured through a set of tools and actions by AI/ML practitioners. The logic seems clear. However, these elements are rarely presented in relation to each other. AI for People decided to map ethical concerns, to values, to tools in order to create a comprehensive road-map to link citizens, to policy-makers to AI/ML practitioners.
Algorithmic conclusions are probabilities and therefore not infallible and they also might incur in errors during execution. This can lead to unjustified actions.
A lack of interpretability and transparency can lead to algorithmic systems that are hard to control, monitor, and correct. This is the commonly cited ‘black-box’ issue
Conclusions can only be as reliable (but also as neutral) as the data they are based on, and this can lead to bias
An action could be found to be discriminatory if it has a disproportionate impact on one group of people.
Algorithmic activities, like profiling, can lead to challenges for autonomy and informational privacy.
It is hard to assign responsibility to algorithmic harms and this can lead to issues with moral responsibility.
Great part of this work was possible thanks to these resources:
Morley, J., Floridi, L., Kinsey, L., & Elhalal, A. (2019). From What to How: An Initial Review of Publicly Available AI Ethics Tools, Methods and Research to Translate Principles into Practices. Science and Engineering Ethics, 1-28.
Mittelstadt, B. D., Allo, P., Taddeo, M., Wachter, S., & Floridi, L. (2016). The ethics of algorithms: Mapping the debate. Big Data & Society,3(2), 205395171667967. https://doi.org/10.1177/2053951716679679.